Algeria, for the moment, the fourth largest economy on the African continent, with a GDP of 196 billion USD in 2019, is a major regional player and a pole of stability in the Arab and African world, in particular.
Algerian diplomacy continues to make its voice heard in international forums, benefiting from a special role, in consideration of its traditional anti-imperialist policy. It therefore remains active on Arab and African issues (reform of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, New Partnership for Africa’s Development, NEPAD). As it is also attached to more transversal themes (conference on disarmament, climate change).
Within the African Union (AU), Algeria is contributing its reflection for the establishment of an African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC).
On April 9 and 10, 2018, Algeria co-organized with the AU a “conference on the financing of terrorism in Africa” bringing together delegates from African countries.
Finally, at the 33rd AU summit on February 9, President Abdelmajid Tebboune announced the creation of an Algerian Agency for International Cooperation to help African countries, especially in the Sahel.
Presentation of the country
Official name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Form of State: Republic
National anthem: Qassamen (in Arabic)
President of the Republic: Mr. Abdelmajid Tebboune (since December 19, 2019)
Prime Minister: Aïmene BENABDERRAHMANE (since June 30, 2021)
Area: 2,381,741 km², of which 85% is desert
Neighboring countries: Tunisia, Morocco, Libya, Mauritania, Western Sahara, Mali, Niger.
Capital: Algiers (4.4 million inhabitants for Greater Algiers)
Main cities: Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Tlemcen, Sétif
Administrative organization: 58 Wilayas (Provinces), 535 Daïras (Sub-Prefecture), 1541 Municipalities.
Official languages: Literary Arabic, Tamazight
Common languages: Dialectal Arabic, Berber languages, French
Currency: Algerian Dinar (DA) (1 € = 132 DA at the official rate in 2019)
Time zone: GMT +1
Telephone code: + 213
National domain code: DZ
Climate: Mediterranean in the North, semi-arid and arid in the rest of the country.
National holiday: November 1 (anniversary of the start of the War of Independence)
Public holidays, in addition to the national holiday:
- Independence Day (July 5)
- Yennayer (Amazigh New Year): January 12
- Labor Day: May 1
- New Year’s Day: January 1
Religious holidays :
- Eid -El-Fitr (2 days)
- Aïd-El-Adha (2 days)
- Awwal Muharram
- Prophet’s Birthday
Population: 43.9 million inhabitants on January 1, 2020.
Density: 16.08 inhab / km²; 56% of the population in 3% of the territory
Population growth: 2.17%
Life expectancy: 77.2 years
Religion: Sunni Islam, Ibadi minority (in the Mzab region)
HDI: 85th out of 191 in the world – Index 0.754
sources: UNDP, ONS
GDP: $ 188.3 billion (IMF, 2018)
GDP / capita. : $ 4,815.6 (World Bank, 2018)
Growth rate: 1.4%, (World Bank, 2018), 1.9% in 2019 (World Bank forecast)
Unemployment rate: 12.1% of the labor force (World Bank, September 2018)
Inflation rate: 4.3% (IMF, 2018) 5.6% forecast for 2019 (IMF)
Public debt: 34.8% GDP (IMF, 2018)
External debt: 2.1% GDP (IMF, 2018)
Trade balance: – 9.7% GDP (IMF, 2018)
Main customers: Italy (16%), France (13.9%), Spain (11.9%), United States (10%), United Kingdom (8.3%) – Algerian Customs (2019)
Main suppliers: China (19.8%), France (8.7%), Italy (7.8%), Spain (7.1%), Germany (7%) – Algerian customs (2019)
Share of the main sectors of activity in GDP (ONS, 2017):
- ̵ Hydrocarbons: 19% (94.5% of exports; 47% of state revenue)
- ̵ Agriculture: 12%
- ̵ Construction / public works: 11%
- ̵ Services: 44%
- Industry: 5%